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Zalcitabine Clinical Trials

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Four-Arm Study Comparing Combination Nucleoside, Alternating Nucleoside, and Triple-Drug Therapy for the Treatment of Advanced HIV Disease (CD4 <= 50/mm3)
To determine the relative clinical efficacy of zidovudine ( AZT ) plus didanosine (ddI), AZT plus zalcitabine ( ddC ), AZT alternating monthly with ddI, and AZT/ddI plus nevirapine in HIV-infected patients with advanced disease. The rapid emergence of [more...]  resistant HIV strains has been observed in patients receiving monotherapy with a nucleoside analog or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. Use of combination therapy with two nucleoside drugs or convergent combination therapy with two nucleosides and a non-nucleoside RT inhibitor may minimize the evolution of these resistant HIV strains. Since toxicity is a major problem in patients with advanced disease who are receiving combination nucleoside therapy, alternating the two drugs may provide a way of retaining several benefits of combination therapy while minimizing the increased toxicity.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: September 1996
Open-Label Program of Dideoxycytidine ( ddC ) to Be Used in Combination With Zidovudine ( AZT ) for Treatment of Advanced HIV Disease
To provide zalcitabine ( dideoxycytidine; ddC ) for use with zidovudine ( AZT ) in patients with advanced HIV infection. To observe serious toxicities in this population.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: 
A Randomized, Unblinded Trial of Zidovudine Versus ddC in the Treatment of Patients Status Post PCP Who Received Long-Term Zidovudine Therapy in Protocol ACTG 002
To evaluate the efficacy of AZT versus ddC in terms of survival, antiviral effects, neurological status, and health status in patients post Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) who received long-term AZT therapy in ACTG protocol 002 While treatment with AZT has been [more...]  found to be effective in prolonging survival and reducing the numbers of opportunistic infections in patients with AIDS, during the second year of administration of AZT an acceleration in mortality has been observed. The reasons for this are not known at this time. The study of what may be an AZT-resistant strain of HIV may benefit patients who have been and are still receiving AZT or another drug used in treating HIV ddC. It is hoped that the comparison of the effectiveness of AZT and ddC will benefit in the treatment of these patients.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: September 1992
A Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Combination Therapy With Retrovir ( AZT ) and HIVID ( ddC ) Versus Retrovir, HIVID, and Wellferon ( Interferon Alfa-n1 ) for the Treatment of HIV Infection
Primary: To determine whether the combination of zidovudine/zalcitabine/interferon alfa-n1 (Retrovir/HIVID/Wellferon) can produce complete responses (i.e., CD4 counts return to >= 800 cells/mm3 for more than 24 weeks) in patients with virus sensitive to all three agents. To determine the [more...]  antiviral effect of the combination therapies as evidenced by measures of quantitative viral load performed at select study centers only. Secondary: To determine the effectiveness of Retrovir/HIVID and Retrovir/HIVID/Wellferon in maintaining or increasing CD4 counts and preventing disease progression as evidenced by the development of an AIDS-defining indicator disease. To determine the effect of these regimens on secondary measures of clinical status (e.g., performance score, weight change, and secondary infections) and on measures of virologic activity such as serum p24 antigen. To assess the safety and tolerance of these regimens.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: 
Effect of Indinavir Plus Two Other Anti-HIV Drugs on Blood Clotting in HIV-Positive Males With Hemophilia
The purpose of this study is to see if indinavir plus two other anti-HIV drugs affect blood clotting in HIV-positive patients with hemophilia.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: 
The Effectiveness of Nelfinavir and Efavirenz, Used Alone or Together, Combined With Other Anti-HIV Drugs in Patients Who Have Taken Anti-HIV Drugs
Steps I and II: The purpose of this study is the following: To look at how many patients achieve undetectable HIV blood levels at Week 16. To look at the absolute change in HIV blood levels from the beginning of the study to Week [more...]  16. To look at the safety and tolerability of nelfinavir (NFV) and efavirenz (EFV) when used in combination or separately in regimens containing reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTIs). For the 2 extension studies (Weeks 49 to 144): To look at the proportion of patients whose long-term viral load remains undetectable at Week 96. To look at the time from the beginning of the study to treatment failure, with patients evaluated through Week 144. Step III: To look at the proportion of patients whose HIV blood levels are undetectable 16 weeks after starting the salvage study treatment. To assess safety, toxicity, and tolerance of salvage study drug treatment. (This study has been changed by adding new objectives.) Achieving viral suppression has been widely endorsed as the primary goal of HIV therapy. However, there are few established guidelines for devising combinations of different classes of drugs which will enhance the potential for achieving viral suppression, reducing the risk of toxicity, and preserving therapeutic options for future use. This study includes 2 anti-HIV drugs, NFV (a protease inhibitor [PI]) and EFV (a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor [NNRTI]), for use either alone or in combination with RTI therapy for the purpose of limiting HIV replication. Patients with treatment failure at Week 16 choose 1 of the following 3 alternative salvage therapies: 2-drug PI regimen (saquinavir and ritonavir) plus adefovir dipivoxil and L-carnitine; EFV or NFV (if not already given) plus 2 new approved anti-HIV drugs outside the study; or the best available treatment outside the study. The new RTI, adefovir dipivoxil, is added to the 2-drug PI regimen to achieve suppression of viral replication and thereby delay disease progression. (This rationale reflects a change in the treatment given to patients with treatment failure at Week 16.)
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: July 2000
Double-Blind Study of Timunox (Thymopentin) in Asymptomatic HIV-Infected Patients Receiving Either Mono (AZT or ddI) or Combination (AZT / ddI or AZT / ddC) Anti-Retroviral Therapy
To confirm results from a previous study in which the combination of thymopentin plus zidovudine ( AZT ), an antiretroviral agent, slowed disease progression in HIV-infected asymptomatic patients. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of thymopentin in HIV-infected asymptomatic [more...]  patients receiving either monotherapy with AZT, didanosine ( ddI ), or stavudine ( d4T ), or combination antiretroviral therapy with AZT / ddI or AZT / zalcitabine ( ddC ).
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: 
A Study of Dideoxycytidine in HIV-Infected Patients
To determine how much of a dose is absorbed by the body when zalcitabine ( dideoxycytidine; ddC ) is given orally and how long the drug stays in the body after absorption or intravenous (IV) administration. Laboratory tests have [more...]  shown that ddC is effective in stopping the growth of the HIV in test tubes. The study will reveal the pharmacokinetic (blood levels) properties of this new drug and how long the drug remains in the body at each of six doses. This should be useful background information and should allow a simple and efficient comparative study of any new oral formulation, such as a tablet or capsule, since dose-related problems will already be known.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: December 1988
The Antiviral Efficacy of Concurrent Zidovudine and 2',3'-Dideoxyinosine or 2',3'-Dideoxycytidine in Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Disease
To evaluate the virologic effect of combined administration of zidovudine and ddI or ddC. To evaluate the immunologic effects of zidovudine and ddI or ddC. To evaluate combined administration of zidovudine and ddI or ddC for clinical efficacy. To evaluate the safety [more...]  and the tolerance of the coadministration of zidovudine and ddI or ddC.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: 
A Randomized, Open-Label Study of Alternative Treatment Combinations of Dideoxycytidine (HIVID; ddC) and Zidovudine (AZT) in Patients With HIV Infection
To investigate the appropriate zalcitabine ( dideoxycytidine; ddC ) dose and zidovudine ( AZT ) schedule for use in combination therapy in patients with HIV infection.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: 
A Clinical Trial of Alternating and Intermittent Regimens of 2',3'-Dideoxycytidine and 3'-Azido-3'-Deoxythymidine in the Treatment of Patients With AIDS and Advanced ARC
To determine if alternating zidovudine (AZT) and zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) (first one and then the other) or intermittent therapy (1 week of drug then 1 week off) will lessen the toxic effects of either drug alone, while still inhibiting HIV (the AIDS virus) in [more...]  patients with AIDS or AIDS related complex. AZT extends the survival of some patients with AIDS, and both AZT and ddC are known to inhibit the growth of HIV. When AZT or ddC is given continuously over a prolonged period of time, toxic effects occur that are not found when the drugs are given for 4 - 6 weeks. It is hoped that by alternating the drugs or by giving one drug intermittently, the toxic effects can be decreased without lowering the therapeutic effectiveness of the drugs.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: September 1991
An Open-Label Safety Program for the Use of Zalcitabine (Dideoxycytidine; ddC) in Pediatric Patients With Symptomatic HIV Infection Who Have Failed or Are Intolerant to AZT Monotherapy, or Who Have Completed Other ddC Protocols, or Are Ineligible for Other Ongoing Clinical Studies
To allow, on a compassionate use basis, zalcitabine (ddC) for pediatric patients with symptomatic HIV disease who have failed treatment or who are intolerant to zidovudine (AZT), or who have completed other ddC protocols, or who are ineligible for ongoing clinical [more...]  trials.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: 
A Trial of Alternating 2',3'-Dideoxycytidine and Zidovudine in the Treatment of Patients With Advanced HIV Disease
To determine the long-term safety and tolerance of four alternating and two intermittent regimens of zidovudine ( AZT ) and 2',3'-dideoxycytidine ( zalcitabine; ddC ) in the treatment of patients with advanced HIV disease who have had to discontinue AZT because of [more...]  true hematologic intolerance to standard reduced doses of AZT. AIDS is a serious infectious disease caused by a new family of retrovirus which is spread primarily through sexual contact and administration of blood or blood products. Individuals who are infected with HIV could therefore benefit from therapy with an effective anti-AIDS virus agent. AZT and ddC have both been tested as antiviral agents and their potentially beneficial effects may be limited by time- and dose-dependent toxicity. A combination regimen using shorter courses of AZT and ddC might therefore be able to sustain treatment without producing toxicity. In addition, since the two drugs exhibit their major toxicity on different organ systems, cumulative or additive toxicity would not be expected.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: February 1995
A Study on the Management of Combination Anti-HIV Drug Therapy in HIV-Positive Children With Prior Treatment
The purpose of this study is to determine the value of changing anti-HIV medications in children with progressive HIV disease who have received previous treatment. Plasma viral load (the level of HIV in the blood) is probably most effectively reduced by [more...]  giving patients anti-HIV drugs which affect the virus at various stages of development. Changing the medications may enhance the results of treatment.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: April 2002
A Comparison of Zidovudine (AZT) Used Alone or in Combination With Didanosine (ddI) or Dideoxycytidine (ddC) in HIV-Infected Patients
Primary: To compare the efficacy of zidovudine ( AZT ) given alone versus AZT plus didanosine ( ddI ) versus AZT plus zalcitabine ( dideoxycytidine; ddC ) in delaying the occurrence of AIDS-related conditions in HIV-infected patients. Secondary: To [more...]  compare the frequency and severity of adverse experiences in the three regimens. To compare the mortality rates in the three regimens. To compare the effects of antiretroviral regimens on CD4+ cell levels. Studies have indicated that maintenance therapy with AZT over extended periods may be limited by dose-dependent toxicity, primarily myelosuppression, and by the emergence of drug-resistant HIV strains. It is anticipated that the combination of AZT with either ddI or ddC may promote higher antiviral efficacy, with acceptable toxicity and less likelihood of development of drug-resistant strains, than AZT alone.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: December 1995
Comparison of Ro 31-8959 Plus Zidovudine (AZT) Versus AZT Plus Zalcitabine (ddC) Versus Ro 31-8959 Plus AZT Plus ddC
PRIMARY: To determine the efficacy and toxicity of three treatment regimens: saquinavir mesylate (Ro 31-8959) plus zidovudine (AZT) vs. AZT plus zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) vs. Ro 31-8959 plus AZT plus ddC. SECONDARY: To investigate the pharmacokinetics and effects on [more...]  various clinical parameters of the three regimens.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: 
A Multicenter Dose Ranging Clinical Trial of 2',3'-Dideoxycytidine in the Treatment of Patients With AIDS and Advanced ARC.
To evaluate the long-term safety and effectiveness of the drug 2',3'-dideoxycytidine ( zalcitabine; ddC ) in treating patients with AIDS or advanced AIDS related complex ( ARC ). Recent studies show that a certain group of drugs (dideoxynucleosides) are effective in [more...]  treating patients with HIV infection. ddC is a dideoxynucleoside and test tube studies show that it may be valuable in treating AIDS patients. ddC has been shown to be well tolerated in certain patients with AIDS.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: April 1990
The Safety and Effectiveness of Retrovir Plus HIVID Combined With Either Nevirapine or Invirase in the Treatment of HIV Infection
To evaluate the tolerance and immunologic and virologic effects of multidrug combinations of antiretrovirals in patients with HIV infection. Specifically, to evaluate zidovudine/zalcitabine ( AZT / ddC ) alone or in combination with either nevirapine or saquinavir ( Ro [more...]  31-8959 ). Administration of three-drug combinations for treatment of HIV infection is preferred over monotherapy or duotherapy. A system has been designed to rapidly evaluate current multidrug combinations of antiretrovirals and allow the addition of new agents as they become available.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: 
Comparison of Anti HIV Drugs Used Alone or in Combination With Cytosine Arabinoside to Treat Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) in HIV-Infected Patients
To compare the safety and efficacy of antiretroviral therapy (zidovudine plus either didanosine or dideoxycytidine) versus antiretroviral therapy plus intravenous cytarabine (Ara-C) versus antiretroviral therapy plus intrathecal Ara-C in the maintenance or improvement of neurological function over 6 months [more...]  in HIV-infected individuals who have developed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). To compare the effect of these three treatment regimens on Karnofsky score and MRI studies. The effectiveness of Ara-C in the treatment of PML, caused by a human DNA papovavirus (designated JC virus) infection, has not been determined, although the most encouraging results have occurred with intrathecal administration of the drug.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: April 1997
A Randomized, Double Blind, Comparative Study of Dideoxycytidine (ddC) Alone or ddC/AZT Combination Versus Zidovudine (ZDV) Alone in Patients With HIV Infection Who Have Received Prior ZDV Therapy
To evaluate the safety of zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) alone and in combination with zidovudine (AZT) versus AZT alone when administered to asymptomatic patients with a CD4 count = or < 200 cells/mm3 and symptomatic patients with a CD4 count = or < 300 cells/mm3. [more...]  To compare the effectiveness of ddC alone and in combination with AZT versus AZT alone. ddC has been shown to demonstrate an antiviral effect. AZT has been shown to significantly decrease mortality and reduce the frequency of opportunistic infections in patients with AIDS or advanced ARC. After 1 year of AZT therapy, the effectiveness tends to diminish and patients progress with more opportunistic infections and higher mortality rates. Because of the demonstrated antiviral activity, absence of hematologic toxicity, and lack of cross tolerance in laboratory studies of ddC, a study to investigate the long-term effectiveness of ddC in patients with HIV infection who have received AZT therapy is warranted.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: May 1993
A Phase I Concentration-Targeted Multidose Study of Atevirdine Mesylate ( U-87201E ), AZT, and ddI or ddC
To determine the safety, toxicity, pharmacokinetic profile, and antiretroviral activity of atevirdine mesylate ( U-87201E ) in HIV-infected patients. Per 06/04/93 amendment, to also evaluate the interactive effects of didanosine ( ddI ) or zalcitabine ( dideoxycytidine; ddC ) [more...]  with zidovudine ( AZT ) on the pharmacokinetics of U-87201E and to assess the effects of the triple combination therapies on immunologic and virologic parameters. Since the use of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors such as U-87201E has been associated with the rapid development of resistant HIV isolates, an initial evaluation of this drug in patients was made in combination with AZT. Because of the inability to detect resistance after 6 weeks of combined AZT/U-87201E therapy, this protocol will initially investigate U-87201E administered alone and then investigate the effect of this drug with AZT and ddI or ddC.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: February 1995
A Trial of Two Doses of 2',3'-Dideoxycytidine (ddC) in the Treatment of Children With Symptomatic HIV Infection Who Are Intolerant of AZT and/or Who Show Progressive Disease While on AZT
To evaluate and compare the long-term (48-177 weeks) safety, tolerance, and efficacy of two doses of zalcitabine ( dideoxycytidine; ddC ) taken orally every 8 hours in children with symptomatic HIV infection who have one of the following: intolerance to zidovudine ( AZT ) [more...]  (development of toxicity during prolonged AZT therapy), demonstrated disease progression after 6 months of AZT therapy, OR both AZT intolerance and disease progression after 6 months of AZT therapy. As useful as AZT appears to be in the treatment of patients infected with HIV, it is associated with significant toxicity in some patients, and it does not prevent ultimate progression to AIDS and eventual mortality. Thus, there is a clear need for new antiretroviral drugs, and ddC is one such promising agent.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: June 1995
A Study of Chemotherapy Plus ddI or ddC in the Treatment of AIDS-Related Kaposi's Sarcoma
To determine the toxicity and response to treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy using doxorubicin (Adriamycin), bleomycin, and vincristine (DBV) for advanced AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma in combination with either didanosine (ddI) or zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC). AIDS [more...]  patients with extensive Kaposi's sarcoma require treatment with effective cytotoxic agents to reduce the tumor burden, and they also require treatment with other possibly effective antiretroviral agents such as ddI or ddC to ameliorate (delay) the development of opportunistic infections.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: September 1996
A Randomized Phase II Study of Two Doses of Interferon Alfa-2a (IFN Alfa-2a) in Combination With Zidovudine (AZT) and Dideoxycytidine (ddC) Versus AZT and ddC Only in Patients With HIV Infection and Less Than 400 CD4 Cells/mm3
To determine the safety and efficacy of two doses of interferon alfa-2a ( IFN alfa-2a ) in combination with zidovudine ( AZT )/zalcitabine ( ddC ) versus AZT/ddC only in patients with HIV infection and CD4 count < 400 cells/mm3. [more...]  AZT and ddC inhibit HIV by acting as reverse transcriptase chain terminators, while IFN alfa-2a inhibits translation of viral proteins. Combining agents that act at different sites of viral replication may improve HIV inhibition and produce more effective and sustained anti-HIV effects.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: February 1995
Dideoxycytidine ( Ro 24-2027 ). A Treatment Protocol for the Use of Dideoxycytidine ( ddC ) in Patients With AIDS or Advanced ARC Who Cannot Be Maintained on Zidovudine ( AZT ) Therapy.
To provide zalcitabine ( ddC ) for patients with AIDS or Advanced ARC in whom zidovudine ( AZT ) is contraindicated, or who have failed treatment with or are intolerant to AZT and to demonstrate that ddC monotherapy is safe, and tolerable in this [more...]  patient population.
Status: Completed Start Date:  Completion Date: 
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Clinical trials allow volunteers access to medical treatment options before they are available to the general public. Participants often receive the best healthcare available for their condition.

Risks are a reality, however, and may include more frequent doctor visits, health risks (possibly life-threatening), and/or the treatment being ineffective. Trials are federally regulated with strict guidelines to protect participants.

Zalcitabine Clinical Trials Information presented on ClinicalTrialsSearch.org is not intended to be a substitute for qualified medical advice visit or treatment with a real physician. We are not physicians. Always consult with a medical doctor (MD). ClinicalTrialsSearch.org is a website dedicated to listing clinical research studies in human subjects, including those specifically related to Zalcitabine. Clinical research trials and medical trials take place in hundreds of cities across the United States. A clinical trial or clinical study is a research project with human volunteer subjects. Clinical drug trials and pharmaceutical clinical trials generally measure the effectiveness of new treatments and drugs. The purpose of the studies is to answer specific human health questions. Clinical trials are a popular way for doctors, government agencies, and private sector companies to find treatments for all kinds of conditions. Clinical trials allow volunteers access to medical treatment options before they are available to the general public. Many times the participants receive treatment for free, and sometimes they are paid for their time. Participants often receive the best healthcare available possible for their condition. Risks are a reality, however, and may include more frequent doctor visits, health risks (possibly life-threatening), and/or the treatment being ineffective. U.S. - based Zalcitabine studies are federally regulated with strict guidelines to protect patients.

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