Safety and Efficacy of Intravenous Magnesium Sulfate in Modulating Changes in Symptoms and Divalent Cation Levels Associated With Foscavir Therapy: A Phase IV Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Cross-Over, Pilot Study

Status: Completed
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Phase: Phase 4

Sponsor(s):
Astra USA
 
Information By: NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
Trial Identifier: NCT00002146
Official Title: Safety and Efficacy of Intravenous Magnesium Sulfate in Modulating Changes in Symptoms and Divalent Cation Levels Associated With Foscavir Therapy: A Phase IV Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Cross-Over, Pilot Study

Description:  To determine whether acute ionized hypomagnesemia and hypocalcemia immediately following foscarnet infusions can be lessened or eliminated by prior infusion of magnesium sulfate. To determine whether reductions in ionized magnesium, ionized calcium, and parathyroid hormone levels following foscarnet infusions are lessened by preinfusion of magnesium sulfate. To evaluate the safety of intravenous magnesium sulfate prior to foscarnet infusion by monitoring blood pressure, heart rate, and heart rhythm. To characterize the effect of magnesium sulfate on foscarnet blood levels and urinary excretion of calcium, magnesium, phosphate, and foscarnet.

+ Additional Objectives Detail

Patients are randomized to one of four treatment groups. Intravenous foscarnet is administered for 4 days. Patients receive one of three doses of magnesium sulfate or placebo in normal saline according to one of four schedules. Sequence of doses will differ for each group.



Accepts Healthy Volunteers?: No
Enrollment: 12 
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Maximum Age: N/A
Gender(s): Both
Additional Criteria:  Inclusion Criteria Patients must have: - AIDS by CDC criteria. - Documented CMV disease. - Tolerance of foscarnet dose of 90 mg/kg bid. - Normal serum calcium, serum creatinine, and serum phosphate. Exclusion Criteria Co-existing Condition: Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded: - Known allergy to Foscarnet. - In extremis or incapacitated because of underlying illness (e.g., comatose or tracheally intubated). - Volume depletion. Concurrent Medication: Excluded: - Nephrotoxic drugs such as IV pentamidine, amphotericin B, aminoglycosides, and cisplatin. - Other investigational drugs that affect metabolic balance, such as human growth hormone. - Oral or parenteral magnesium and calcium supplementation. Patients with the following prior condition are excluded: History of heart block.

Conditions:
HIV Infections
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Hypocalcemia
Interventions:
Drug: Magnesium sulfate
Drug: Foscarnet sodium
 




Study Locations:
+ Show All 1 Study Locations


United States, Oklahoma
Oklahoma City Veterans Administration Med Ctr 
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States

Latest Clinical
Trials News
Diabetes Clinical Trials search for new treatments and cures
03/14/2010

There are a number of clinical trials underway to find effective treatments for diabetes, including new drugs, surgery and even transplantation.

Feeling Depressed? A clinical trial might help.
03/07/2010

There are several current and ongoing trials of interventions for major depressive disorder, which is characterized by a disabling combination of symptoms causing severe disruption to the sufferer's ability to carry out routine functions and tasks of daily life.

The State of Constipation Clinical Trials
02/28/2010

Constipation is a illness where the bowels cannot move waste material out of the body in a normal manner. There are various clinical trials recruiting participants to study the effectiveness of various treatments.

view more...